technology and equality of access ITGS
There are two main issues that need to be address when we examine equality of access - (1) the provision of hardware and software for all (e.g. free and fast wifi for all student in the school) and (2) ensuring that information and data is accessible to all (images with alt text, text that may be read for the blind)
Equality requires that we treat people the same, or that people have the same power or status. Equity requires that people experience fairness, justice, and freedom from bias. Equality is leaving the door open for anyone who has the means to approach it; equity is ensuring there is a pathway to that door for those who need it. (definition from https://goo.gl/n8oaQG)
An Accessible Web Design Checklist (https://goo.gl/bgjfWH)
Images - Use the alt attribute to describe the function of each visual.
Multimedia - Provide captioning and transcripts of audio, and descriptions of video.
Hypertext links. - Use text that makes sense when read out of context. For example, avoid "click here."
Page organization - Use headings, lists, and consistent structure.
Validate Code - Use tools, checklist, and guidelines at www.w3.org/TR/WCAG
There's an excellent resources to help web-builders test that their website is accessible - see Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools List https://www.w3.org/WAI/ER/tools/