ITGS ~ Policies Standards Protocols
Policies in Technology
Policies are legal measures that promote appropriate use of IT and can be developed by governments, businesses and individuals. Policies include the rules that controls access to information and rules that dictate the use of hardware, software and networks.
Protocols in Technology
Protocols in IT is the special set of rules that end points in a telecommunication connection use when they communicate. They follow specific protocols that specify interactions between communicating entities and protocols exist at several levels in a telecommunication connection. These are sets of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices in order for computers to exchange information, there must be a preexisting agreement as to how the information will be structured and how each side will send and receive it. https://www.britannica.com/technology/protocol-computer-science
Standards in Technology
Standards are metrics to which parties adhere to for the purpose of allowing common ground for interchange. For example, the alphabet is a standard for the exchange of information and another example is the standards used for measurements meter, liter and gram.
The ISO develop and publish International Standards and creates documents that provide requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose.
Examples in the News
In this article JESUS DIAZ, explains how the with the release of iPhone Xs and XR, Apple company has eliminated the iPhone SE and the iPhone 6s from its lineup, discontinuing the last two phones with a 3.5mm stereo jack. This article highlights the importance of protocols in IT.
Furthermore, Vlad Savov wrote about how Apple is betting on the majority of new iPhone buyers shrugging off the dongle’s omission and either using the provided Lightning-connected EarPods or some wireless alternative. If this situation nudges you into buying a pair of AirPods, the company will no doubt be happy to oblige. Dongles, EarPods, Lightning Connections, Adapters and wireless connection are examples of the importance of standard and protocols in technology.
The HDMI connectors are pieces of hardware that are required to follow strict standards and protocols, if they don't, then it won't work and no one would use it. This article explore HDMI:
Regarding policies, a good example are user agreements that users must complete before they uses certain software. A policy is a set of rules that the user and system provider must adhere to and Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg had their user agreements and policies closely examined recently in the US senate. To read more about this:
J. D. Biersdorfer explored the topic of user agreements and policies in her article called "Why All the New Terms of Service?". In this article J. D. Biersdorfer explores how the European Union enacted new consumer privacy laws for its citizens, companies around now the the world are updating their terms of service agreements to comply.