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Globalistation and Technology ITGS

It took 1,000 years for the invention of paper to spread from China to Europe, yet today, the spread of knowledge and technology across borders has intensified because of globalization. In emerging markets, the transfer of technology has helped to boost innovation and productivity and technological progress is a key driver of improvements in incomes and standards of living. However, new technology and knowledge do not necessarily develop everywhere and at the same time and this results in a digital divide.

There is evidence that technological progress and economic growth rates are linked, and that the rise in technological progress has helped improve the situations of many living in absolute poverty. Moreover, there is sufficient evidence that low-tech industries such as farming can benefit from new technologies, and that new innovations like mobile banking and weather predictors can aid those in rural areas.

Technological developments could be identified as the driving force of most of the globalization processes. Technology can be described through five elements: production, knowledge discovery and sharing, instruments and tools, possession and change.

  • Production technology (technology associated with goods and services). Production technology is the technology used to produce something either goods (ex: clothes, television set, cars etc.) or service (ex: banking, security, teaching etc.) Technology improves our capacity to produce.

  • Knowledge technology is developed through research and development and if shared through technology around the world fast. New found information and body of knowledge is a key driver of globalisation.

  • Instrument technology are the extensions of the human body, whenever an instrument or tool is used there is technology involved (computers, vacuum cleaners or pencils, but sometimes there are immaterial instruments too, such as databases or algorithms in computer programming).

  • Possession technology has something to do with the people who possess technology also control it. Controlling technology has usually something to do with economics and politics. Therefore we can speak of technologically rich and poor countries and the struggle among them usually in the forms of patents, transfers and protection of intellectual rights and this contribute to the technology digital divide.

  • Change technology - most of the innovations from the technological advances have very important effects on the lives of peoples of the world, which has witnessed radical changes especially after 1960’s revolutions on the microelectronics technologies.

ASEAN is the fifth largest economy in the world, however, this is not reflected in the adoption of digital transformation. ASEAN member countries rank from top to 160 positions on the global Digital Adoption Index (DAI) published by the World Bank. Singapore sits atop the ranking followed by Malaysia in a distant 41st place; Thailand (61); Brunei (58); Vietnam (91); Philippines (101); Indonesia (109); Cambodia (123); Lao PDR (159) and Myanmar (160). This article illustrates the notion of digital divide and globalisation.

This article explores the how globalisation and the digital divide is now intertwined in political ads with to cellphones, social media and more.

digital divide and globalization TECHNOLOGY
digital divide and globalization TECHNOLOGY

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